Dhrupad and Dhamaar



Dhrupad is a very old style of singing. Historians are not sure about how it originated and there are many different theories regarding its origin. In olden times, Dhrupad was the most important form of singing. It is a very serious form of singing. It is sung mostly in Hindi, Brajbhasa and Urdu languages. Dhrupad is sung mostly in Chotaal, Teerva and Sultan Taals. In rendering a Dhrupad Dugun, Trigun Chogun, Ad, Kaud, Gamak and sometimes Boltaan etc are also used. The singer rendering a Dhrupad must be a maestro in singing with a very good hold on laya (speed) and swars. Dhrupad is sung with a Pakhawaj and not with a tabla.




It is a class of song of the Dhrupad style sung in Dhamaar Taal of 14 beats. These songs generally relate to the festival of Holi and Lord Krishna Leela with Radha and his Gopis in the month of Falgun (spring). Dhamaar is not as serious or spiritual as compared to Dhrupad. The rendering of a Dhamaar is very similar to that of Dhrupad with Dugun, Trigun,Chogun, Ad etc. Like Dhrupad it is also sung in Hindi, Braj and Urdu. In ancient times, Dhaamar had 4 parts: Sthayi, Antara, Sanchari and Abhog. However in recent times only Sthayi and Antara are sung.